Sinus Allergies/ Sinusitis
Sinus allergies are infections caused to the sinuses. It is also called sinusitis. The sinuses are hollow space in the bones of our skull. These sinuses are present all over our faces. The mucous lining of the sinuses, also known as mucous membrane produces fluids. These fluids usually drain out of the nasal cavity and gets swallowed down to our stomach all day long. When this drainage is affected, i.e. gets blocked due to an allergic reaction, infections develop. Such infections can be of two types viral or bacterial. Some of the sinus infections are also caused by the moulds and fungus. These allergies are also known as sinusitis.
One of the most common types of sinus allergies is common cold. It is often characterised by stuffy or runny nose, headache, pain in the body, excessive sneezing, and sometimes it is also accompanied by slight fever.
What are the causes of Sinus Allergies
There are several airborne substances that we inhale through our mouth and nose. Many of these irritate the sinuses and can lead to allergies. For example, Pollen, which is nothing but a small particle released by flowering plant, enters our body while breathing. The mucus that is present in sinuses ambushes that dirt as a defense mechanism to prevent it from entering our lungs.
However, the mucus cannot cope with the relentless onslaught. Over time, these pollen allergens prevent the mucus from draining properly, which then accumulates and becomes the perfect breeding ground for viruses and bacteria. This leads to nasal blocks and infections.
Over time, ragweed and pollen lead to allergies. Hay Fever, which is a serious problem, starts with ragweed and pollen allergy but is often ignored because the symptoms are very similar – itchy and flowing nose etc. If not cured on time, it can lead to major disorders.
Other allergens that can cause sinus inflammation are dirt, pollution, animal hair, food particles cloth fibers, mold, dead insects remains and wastes, and other remains.
It can make the nasal cavity blocked, and causes mucus from flowing freely. At the end, the mucus will be stuck in the nasal cavity.
When this happens, the allergies will grow perfectly.
Among the causes of sinus allergy, pollen, a powdery substance issued by flowers can be the most common cause.
Spring is the worst time for those who are vulnerable to sinus allergy since the pollination season starts, and the air is usually not dry.
The pollen will be carried easily by the dry breeze. It can be inhaled when people breathe and enter their body.
Some people can also get sinus allergy after making a contact with dogs or cats. The microorganisms that are present in the fur of these animals can be the main cause.
Whatever the causes of sinus allergy, the body will react with the same way.
The body will produce histamine to overcome the effects which will induce itching in the eyes and a runny nose.
Basically, the doctor can diagnose the causes of sinus allergy effectively.
When the causes have been known, they can be controlled or even removed to restore normal breathing and life to the sufferers.